Article 28 of the Agreement allows the parties to terminate the contract after having sent a notification of resignation to the depositary. The denunciation may take place for the country no earlier than three years after the entry into force of the agreement. The revocation shall take effect one year after the notification of the depositary. The agreement also provides that withdrawal from the UNFCCC, under which the Paris Agreement was adopted, would also remove the state from the Paris Agreement. The conditions for exiting the UNFCCC are the same as those of the Paris Agreement. The agreement does not contain provisions on non-compliance. The agreement recognises the role of non-stakeholders in the fight against climate change, including cities, other sub-national authorities, civil society, the private sector and others. In addition, countries are working “to reach a global peak in greenhouse gas emissions as soon as possible.” The deal has been described as an incentive and driver for the sale of fossil fuels. [13] [14] The amount of NSDs determined by each country[8] defines that country`s objectives. However, the “contributions” themselves are not binding under international law, for lack of specificity, normative character or mandatory language necessary for the creation of binding norms. [20] In addition, there will be no mechanism to compel a country to set a target in its NPP by a set date, and no implementation if a target set out in a NSP is not met.

[8] [21] There will be only one “Name and Shame” system[22] or, as János Pásztor, UN Under-Secretary-General for Climate Change, cbs News (USA) stated, a “Name and Encourage” plan. [23] Given that the agreement has no consequences if countries do not comply with their obligations, such a consensus is fragile. A stream of nations withdrawing from the agreement could trigger the withdrawal of other governments and lead to a total collapse of the agreement. [24] It will also allow the Parties to progressively increase their contribution to the fight against climate change in order to achieve the long-term objectives of the Agreement. While the broader transparency framework is universal, as is the global inventory to be held every five years, the framework aims to provide “integrated flexibility” to distinguish between the capacities of industrialized and developing countries. . . .