Economists and other planners understood in 1944 that the new system could only begin after a return to normal after the disruption of World War II. It was expected that the international economy would recover and the system would come into operation after a short transition period of at least five years. At its December 1971 meeting at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington D.C, the Group of Ten signed the Smithsonian Agreement. The United States has promised to retain the dollar at 38 USD/ounce with trade bands of 2.25%, and other countries have agreed to revalue their currencies against the dollar. The group also planned to offset the global financial system through special drawing rights alone. [36] Courses such as Financial Institutions and Markets Analysis, which is part of the online Master of Science in Finance at Northeastern University`s D`Amore-McKim School of Business, imped on this type of knowledge and expertise. In this course, experienced members describe the interior of the financial system around the world and give students the tools to model and analyze data and make valuable projections in the complex world of international economics. . . .